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Philosophy

the montessori method



The Montessori method has a considerable influence in the development of the preschool child. The home environment is designed for adults and therefore, adapted to an adult's needs and modes of living. The Montessori House of Children is an extension of the home environment. Children around 2 - 2½ years need this second environment (the Montessori House). This is something that adults owe the child. Dr. Montessori, realizing the tremendously absorbent nature of the child’s mind, prepared a special environment for the child. To educate the WHOLE child, that child must have freedom to develop his physical, intellectual and spiritual powers to the fullest.

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Non-competitive atmosphere


There is no competition in the Montessori classroom - children work individually with the materials. Each child relates only to his own previous work, and the progress is not compared to the achievement of other youngsters. Dr. Montessori believed that competition in education should be introduced only after the child has gained confidence in the use of basic skills. “Never let a child risk failure,” she wrote, “until he has a reasonable chance of success.” The Montessori method introduces children to the joy of learning at an early age, and provides a framework in which intellectual and social discipline go hand-in-hand.

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Montessori's Educational philosophy


The Montessori child is free to learn, because he has acquired an "inner discipline". This is the core of Dr. Montessori’s educational philosophy. From his earliest days in a Montessori classroom, the child is surrounded by the order of the "prepared environment" (the classroom), has carried out a progression of tasks in an ordered manner and has been stimulated and challenged by the material at hand. Aware that it is his own initiative that leads to his own accomplishments, the Montessori child develops habits of concentration, perseverance and thoroughness that are truly his. This inner challenge, established in early childhood, produces a confident, competent learner in later years. Montessori’s claim was “We are helping the child to help himself”.


patriotDr. Maria Montessori (1870-1952)

Dr. Maria Montessori was Italy's first woman physician, holder of doctorate degrees in psychology and philosophy as well as professor of anthropology. She keenly observed little children, sensed their needs, and tried to fulfill them through a carefully prepared environment. She called her method simply, Help to Life.
 


Thought for the day:

"Preventing conflicts is the work of politics; establishing peace is the work of education."
Maria Montessori
 

 
 

 

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